Painting of Niagara Falls featured prominently
After the ceremony, the President and other dignitaries headed inside the U.S. Capitol for a luncheon. Hanging on a wall directly behind the head table was a view of Niagara Falls.
The painting was done by Dutch artist Ferdinand Richardt in 1856.
The placement is thanks to Senator Chuck Schumer, who is the chairman of the Inaugural Ceremonies.
Schumer says the view of the falls goes along with the theme of the day "Faith in America's Future."
"For me as a New Yorker, Niagara Falls never fails to inspire a tremendous awe of the beauty of our great country," Schumer said.
Schumer says the falls represent the power of America's natural resources.
President Obama drew a connection between the fight for women's rights up through the years to the fight for civil rights and gay rights as well.
"We, the people, declare today that the most evident of truths - that all of us are created equal - is the star that guides us still; just as it guided our forebears through Seneca Falls, and Selma, and Stonewall; just as it guided all those men and women, sung and unsung, who left footprints along this great Mall, to hear a preacher say that we cannot walk alone; to hear a King proclaim that our individual freedom is inextricably bound to the freedom of every soul on Earth. "